Hillbilly-Music.com - Keeping Country Music History Alive
Hillbilly-Music Folio Display

Renfro Valley Barn Dance
Renfro Valley, KY

Listen to:
Renfro Valley Gathering

Renfro Valley Barn Dance

The Renfro Valley Barn Dance started on WLW from the Cincinnati Music Hall on October 9, 1937. After a successful year there, the show was moved to Dayton where it was staged at the Memorial Auditorium. It was successful there, too. But John Lair had a dream about what he thought a Barn Dance show should be like. So, on November 4, 1939, the show took up residence in the famous big barn in Renfro Valley, built just for the show.

And it turned into what might be the forerunner of theme park entertainment because the Renfro Valley Barn Dance was more than just a show. On the grounds, there was a place for guests to stay. A restaurant with typical southern cooking. A souvenir store where the stuff they sold, much of it made right there in Renfro Valley. Mr. Lair's thought was to put the emphasis on 'realism' and less on 'showmanship'. He sold his idea so well, that folks like Red Foley and Whitey Ford (the Duke of Paducah) signed on, we think as investors, too. The book by Dick Perry, "Not Just a Sound: The Story of WLW" mentioned that the Renfro Valley Barn Dance was run by the trio of Lair, Foley and Ford. If you read the souvenir publication 'Renfro Valley Keepsake' - you see John's love of the area he grew up in. The booklet does more than promote the show. It provides the history of the Renfro Valley area and places of interest for those who visit.

And he began to build the roster for the show. He got Homer "Slim" Miller to sign on. In fact, John Lair had told Slim of his dream long before it became reality and promised him that he would get to play the first song on the show. Slim stuck around about 10 years and got his chance. Mr. Lair pushed Lily May Ledford to put together an all-girl fiddle band, which would be the first of its kind back then. Milly and Dolly Good were talked into becoming a harmony team again. For comedy, he got Margaret Lillie and Harry Mullins to team up as A'nt Idy and Little Clifford.

The show opened up in the country side in Renfro Valley, despite all the critics saying no way it was going to work and were waiting for it to fail. But from day one, the crowds came and was a success. Perhaps John heard that voice - build it, they will come. A story that movies are made of. And then they said, oh, it'll end in a couple weeks after the novelty wears off. But what happened? The crowds kept getting bigger and bigger. They thought no one would drive a 100 miles to the country side to see a barn dance. But the critics ate a bit of crow.

Even during winter months, the crowds kept coming. From all distances. Sometimes they'd count license plates from 15 states at the Barn Dance. Sometimes the folks from Ohio and Indiana outnumbered the folks from Kentucky, but the local folks came, too.

The barn could only comfortably hold about 1,000 people. But the crowds were such that it became necessary to hold as many as three shows each Saturday to accomodate the demand. They wrote that on two occasions, they had up to 5,000 people in attendance. Considering the roads and cars back then, that might be a pretty good success and testament to the entertainment that folks found in Renfro Valley.

Dwight Butcher was one of the emcees, usually handling the second show duties. He sang tenor and played guitar and harmonica, too. Master of Ceremonies was Gene Cobb, a bit of a comedian who could do impersonations, dance and sing. John Lair was a bit of a workhorse doing announcing work as well as planning the buildings, supervising their construction, writing, producing, announcing and maintaining his music libary collection, too.

One has to be impressed by the roster of talent that was a part of this show. The roster reads of some of the legends of hillbilly and country music. Red Foley and Whitey Ford early on as investors. Jerry Byrd - the steel guitarist that many of us try to imitate but never come close played here. Then there was a couple of fellows named Jethro Burns and Homer Haynes - Homer and Jethro and look at their pictures back then - almost looking too young to be performers.

Today, what John Lair had a vision and dream for, still lives on. For you can still attend country music shows in Renfro Valley, Kentucky. In fact, Renfro Valley claims that it is the country music capital of Kentucky.

Trivia / Timeline Notes

  • First broadcast at Cincinnati Music Hall, October 9, 1937
  • Held at Dayton Memorial Auditorium for a year or so
  • Moved to Rock County, KY to Renfro Valley on November 4, 1939
  • Link to Renfro Valley - today

Credits & Sources
  • Song and Picture Barn Dance Magazine No. 5 (Jan 1948); Chicago, IL

Red Turner

Wanda (Linda Lou) Martin

Patty Flye

Glenn Pennington

Randolph Sisters

Emory Martin

Judie and Julie

Woody Williams

Doug Spivey

Ricca (Aunt Hattie) Hughes

Chick Sullivan

West Virginia Sweethearts

Morris (Sleepy) Marlin

Claud Sweet

Red Davis

Granny Harper

Mountain Rangers

Don Harper

Pine Ridge Boys

Lynn Davis

Duke of Paducah

Little Clifford

Al Runyon

Bun Wilson

Buddy Bain


Yes, Hillbilly Music. You may perhaps wonder why. You may even snicker. But trust us, soon your feet will start tappin' and before you know it, you'll be comin' back for more...Hillbilly Music.

Hillbilly-music.com ...
It's about the people, the music, the history.