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Asa Martin
Born:  June 28, 1900
Died:  August 15, 1979
WCMI Ashland, KY
WHAS Louisville, KY
WIRV Irvine, KY
WLAP Lexington, KY
WLS Chicago, IL

About The Artist

Asa Martin, a medicine show and vaudeville veteran, experienced a lengthy recording career in the years from 1928 through 1938. He proved to be a capable vocalist, often in duets, as well as a quality rhythm guitarist in support of legendary Kentucky fiddler Doc Roberts.

In old age, Asa enjoyed relating his experiences to country music scholars telling about his days as an old-time musician.

A native of Winchester, Kentucky, Martin absorbed a great deal of music in his younger days, expanding from primitive traditional sounds to the minstrel stage. His entry into the world of early recording came in April 1928 when Doc Roberts sought him out to play rhythm on his fiddle numbers. Asa soon demonstrated that he could hold his own as a singer, too, with a wide range of vocals.

Although he did solo numbers, the majority of his singing came with a duet partner, usually James Roberts, the son of Doc Roberts, beginning when the youngster was only ten years old. James's voice had not changed when they started and he was somewhat embarrassed when people would ask his dad, "Who is the little girl singing with Asa Martin?" Nonetheless, over a six-year period they recorded a goodly number of old time songs as Martin and Roberts. Asa and James sang duets and Doc Roberts played mandolin. When they did instrumentals, the label credit was usually to the Fiddling Doc Roberts Trio.

Asa Martin - Gennett 7050 - Circa 1930

Prior to February 1931, they recorded exclusively for Gennett and associated labels. Afterwards, their numbers appeared on the labels associated with the American Record Corporation (Melotone et al). After 1934, this threesome did no more recordings together but in 1932 and 1933 Asa and Roy "Shorty" Hobbs did a couple of sessions for Gennett's subsidiary Champion label.

From 1935 onward—except for a 1938 Vocalion session with a new band, the Kentucky Hillbillies—Martin turned his attention to WLAP radio in Lexington where he had a program called the Morning Roundup. Among the younger artists who got their start on his show were Dave "Stringbean" Akeman and the Amburgey Sisters (Minnie, Mattie and Martha).

Asa Martin - Post Card - 1940 - WCMI Round-Up Gang

In 1940 the show moved to WCMI Ashland. After World War II, Martin left radio and worked for the ARMCO Steel Company, moving to Middletown, Ohio, and retiring in 1965.

In retirement Asa settled in Estill County, Kentucky where he and Jim Gaskin started a little country band called the Cumberland Rangers. In later years Gaskin became a key figure at the Renfro Valley Barn Dance. A 1972 newspaper photo caption indicates the members of the group at that time were Asa Martin, Jim Gaskin, Buz Grazeale and Gilbert Thomas.

One of the other unique musical instruments he played was the musical saw.

Promo Ad - Asa Martin - Jan 1976 Promo Ad - Asa Martin - May 1976

In 1972, Gary Luhr wrote of a committee headed up by Loyal Jones of Berea College Appalachian Center. Others on the committee were Asa Martin, Buell Kazee, John Lair and Bradley Kincaid. Loyal had assigned students to learn a ballad. Some of them did not know what that was. Even after learning about the ballad, they could not sing the tune. Loyal realized they had a lot of written material about the ballads, but lacked sound. Loyal's defintion of a ballad was "... a song, usually of unknown origin, that tells a story about an event removed from the person singing. Many were brought to this country from Europe."

Loyal also spoke of the difference between the early folk singers and those of the modern era. He noted, "The older singers were very self-effacing. They didn't sing to show off their voices. Very often their voices were quite ordinary. Their purpose was to tell a story. The tune was incidental, though some were very beautiful."

But initially they played for local events in the Irvine area. In 1974, Asa, having been rediscovered by the music scholar community, recorded a quality album for Rounder entitled Dr. Ginger Blue in which he turned out new versions of some of his old classics such as "I Tickled Her Under the Chin" and "There's No Place Like Home for the Married Man." He also loved to talk with old time music scholars—including myself (Ivan Tribe)—about the early days of country music.

Asa Martin passed away of an apparent heart attack in his home on August 15, 1979. One of his last personal appearances was at the 4th Annual Kentucky Music Weekend at the Iroquois Amphitheatre in Iroquois Park, Louisivlle on the weekend of August 3 - 5, 1979.

Credits & Sources

  • Hillbilly-Music.com would like to express its thanks to Ivan M. Tribe, author of Mountaineer Jamboree — Country Music in West Virginia and other books that can be found on Amazon.com and numerous articles in other publications for providing us with information about this artist.
  • Cumberland Rangers (Photo); March 16, 1972; The Advocate-Messenger; Danville, KY
  • Famous Bluegrass Specialist (Photo); April 9, 1972; The Advocate-Messenger; Danville, KY
  • Tri-State Appalachian Folk Festival To Be Held in Danville June 2-4; May 26, 1976; The Advocate-Messenger; Danville, KY
  • Folk Music Preservation Sought; Gary Luhr; October 23, 1972; Lexington Herald; Lexington, KY
  • Traditional Folk Music Featured at Iroquois Park; August 3, 1979; Lexington Herald; Lexington, KY

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Recordings (78rpm/45rpm)

 
Conqueror
Rec. No. Side Song Title
  8012 A I Tickled Her Under The Chin
  8012 B She Ain't Built That Way
  9242 A Quit Hanging Round, Baby
  9242 B Roadside Drifter
 
Vocalion
Rec. No. Side Song Title
  04529 A Low And Blue
  04529 B Jenny Barn Bound
  04569 A Chums For Fifty Years
  04569 B Red River Valley Rose
  04673 A Way Down On The Farm
  04673 B I'll Be There A Long, Long Time
  04759 A Roadside Drifter
  04759 B Quit Hangin' Around, Baby
  04827 A Knock Kneed Susie Jane
  04827 B Hot Sausage Mama
  04894 A Harlan Town Tragedy
  04894 B Lonesome, Broke And Weary


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