California has been fertile ground for country music since
the 1920s, nurturing a multitude of talents from Gene Autry to
Glen Campbell, Rose Maddox to Barbara Mandrell, Buck Owens to
Merle Haggard. In this affectionate homage to California's place
in country music's history, Gerald Haslam surveys the Golden State's
contributions to what is today the most popular music in America.
At the same time he illuminates the lives of the white, working-class
men and women who migrated to California from the Dust Bowl, the
Hoovervilles, and all the other locales where they had been turned out,
shut down, or otherwise told to move on.
Haslam's roots go back to Oildale, in California's central valley,
where he first discovered the passion for country music that infuses
Workin' Man Blues. From the Hollywood singing cowboys
and Bakersfield honky-tonks, to western swing dance halls and "hillbilly"
radio shows, he shows how country music offered a kind of cultural comfort
to its listeners, whether they were oil field roustabouts or hashslingers.
Haslam analyzes the effects of population shifts, wartime
prosperity, changes in gender roles, music industry economics, and television
on country music. He also challenges the assumption that Nashville has
always been country music's hometown and "Grand Ole Opry" its principal
venue. The soul of traditional country remains romantically rural, southern,
and white, he says, but it's also the anthem of the underdog, which may explain
why California plays so vital a part in its heritage. California is where
people reinvent themselves, just as country music has reinvented itself
since the first Dust Bowl immigrants arrived, bringing their songs and heartaches
Gerald Haslam is the author of numerous books, both fiction and nonfiction.
He wrote the text for "The Great Central Valley: California's Heartland" (California,
1992), which featured the photography of Stephen Johnson and Robert Dawson.
A professor of English at California State University, Sonoma, until his
retirement in 1997, he lives in northern California.
Alexandra Haslam Russell is managing editor of Gavin magazine. She and her father
coedited the anthology "Where Coyotes Howl and Wind Blows Free: Growing
Up In The West" (1995).
Richard Chon plays fiddle with the Sons of the San Joaquin and for many
years was an entertainment writer for the Bakersfield Californian.